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1 Comun a todos En Not too late Ralph E.H.Sims UK Not too late Renewable Energy World Agosto 2007 Solar 10.4 The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) recently released the Summary for Policy markers of its Working Group 3 report Climate Change 2007..
9 Sol En Approaching the horizon - very large scale photovoltaicsching Edward Milford UK Approaching the horizon - very large scale photovoltaicsching Renewable Energy World Agosto 2007 Solar 10.4 For years, proponents of solar energy have draw maps representing the amount of land needed to supply global electricity demands from PV
41 Sol En Is Solar Thermal Power the Answer? Charles Ricker US Is Solar Thermal Power the Answer? Photonics Spectra Julio 2008
ulio 2007
Solar 42.07 solar trough technology, which involves circulating a synthetic oil through vacuum tubes running down the focal point of 100-m-long parabolic troughs of curved mirrors. The oil runs through a heat exchanger at 375 °C (700 °F) to create steam
40 Sol En Flexible Connections for Flexible Solar Cells Hank Hogan US Flexible Connections for Flexible Solar Cells Photonics Spectra Agosto 2008 Solar 42.08 todays solar cells are costly and made out of silicon, tomorrows may be made out of plastic and be very inexpensive. However, these polymer solar cells must be flexible. Thats a problem for the devices cathode and anode
39 Sol En Thin Is In US Thin Is In Photonics Spectra Noviembre 2008 Solar 42.11 Analysts predict that the future solar landscape will ... thin-film solar cells rather than bulky aluminum-framed photovoltaic (PV) panels of yesterday. Amorphous silicon (a-Si) and silicon-free designs are the subjects of Thin-Film Photovoltaics
37 Sol En Sunny Days for Solar Chris Porter and Michael Rogol US Sunny Days for Solar Photonics Spectra Noviembre 2008 Solar 42.11 Factory-gate module pricing declined by 6 percent in 2007 to $3.78 per watt, which was attributed in part to price drops in maturing markets coupled to a growing interest in lower-cost thin-film modules
36 Sol En Taking Solar to the Extreme Clemens Betzel UK Taking Solar to the Extreme Photonics Spectra Octubre 2008 Solar 42.10 The solar energy can provide a reliable, consistent source of power in some of the worlds most extreme and inhospitable environments. Graetzel found that the combination of titanium oxide, a common pigment in white paint
35 Sol En Optical Thin-Film Coating Methods Robert J. Crase and others DE Optical Thin-Film Coating Methods Photonics Spectra Octubre 2008 Solar 42.10 Five basic deposition methods for manufacturing thin films. They are: Electron beam evaporation (ebeam); low pressure chemical vapor deposition (LPCVD); plasma impulse chemical vapor deposition (PICVD); magnetron sputtering; ion beam sputtering (IBS).
31 Sol En Management of growth: Concentrating Photovoltaics Ralf Leutz DE Management of growth: Concentrating Photovoltaics Renewable Energy World Febrero 2008 Solar 11.1 the readers should also be informed of silicon VMJ (vertical multi-junction) solar cells that operate effectively at 1000 or greater suns intensities
30 Sol En Get connected: PV on the grid Hermann Laukamp and others DE Get connected: PV on the grid Renewable Energy World Enero 2008 Solar 11.1 Small, grid-connected PV systems are becoming increasingly popular and represent a significant market for system developers. However, as the density of distributed generation sources increases, so too do the potential impacts
24 Sol En Shrinking costs down to size - sunny outlook for small tech in solar. Tom Cheyney US Shrinking costs down to size - sunny outlook for small tech in solar. Renewable Energy World Diciembre 2007 Solar 10.6 The market has taken a shine to an array of nano-based technologies that now challenge traditional photovoltaic on their home turf.
23 Sol En Building the future, New possibilities for thin films in building integrated PV Silke Krawietz IT Building the future, New possibilities for thin films in building integrated PV Renewable Energy World Octubre 2007 Solar 10.5 Architects and engineers are willing to integrate PV into their overall design projects and concepts
20 Sol En Sunny outlook. Predictions for growth in the PV industry Paula Mints UK Sunny outlook. Renewable Energy World Octubre 2007 Solar 10.5 With global demand for PV products almost outstripping supply and silicon constraints due to ease
19 Sol En Taking a shine to solar. US states woo manufacturers Lisa Cohn UK Taking a shine to solar. US states woo manufacturers Renewable Energy World Octubre 2007 Solar 10.5 With the solar industry growing so quickly, US states are eager to make themselves attractive places for solar
88 Sol En Energy Leader Annel. L Fischer US Energy Leader Photonics Spectra December 2008 Solar 42.12 The idea is that there are tens of proccesses involved in making a can , but the can stil sells for less than a half cent more than the cost of material. I thought that if you could make solar cells with this kind of manufacturing efficiency
11 Sol En Star performer - European installs 2.1 Gw of new solar thermal in 2006 Jackie Jones UK Star performer - European installs 2.1 Gw of new solar thermal in 2006 Renewable Energy World Agosto 2007 Solar 10.4 The continent's market growth was 47% in 2006. By 2030, over 50% of Europe's heat could come from solar thermal
44 Sol En Building Better Solar Cells with Cameras Gerhard Holst US Building Better Solar Cells with Cameras Photonics Spectra Junio 2008
ulio 2007
Solar 42.06 Solar cells are large-area semiconductor devices with typical dimensions of 15.6 cm. Loss mechanisms such as locally reduced diffusion lengths or parallel resistances often curtail the energy conversion efficiency of solar cells
8 Sol En La fotovotaica - take off for Spain's solar PV market Mike Stirzaker ES La fotovotaica - take off for Spain's solar PV market Renewable Energy World Agosto 2007 Solar 10.4 Spain's solar photovoltaic market has entered a period of exponential growth
7 Sol En PV market update - demand grows quickly and supply races to catch up Travis Bradford UK PV market update - demand grows quickly and supply races to catch up Renewable Energy World Agosto 2007 Solar 10.4 an overview of the PV industry. Installed systems now amount to
5 Sol En Lasers may brighten the Solar Cells Market Dave Clark & others US Lasers may brighten the Solar Cells Market Photonics Spectra Junio 2007 Solar 41 The solar industry looks set for explosive growth as ii takes advantage of innovations enable by lasers and manufacturing technologies derived from the flat panel display and the semiconductors industries.
106 Sol En Sunyy outlook for concentrated juice. J. Cervone LX Sunyy outlook for concentrated juice. Power Engineering International March 2008 Solar 16.2 Can concentrated solar power (CSP) become economically with more established power generation? The European Investments Banks thinks so.
87 Sol En Wafer based Solar Cells Aren't Done Yet Katherine Derbyshire US Wafer based Solar Cells Aren't Done Yet Renewable Energy World Feb 2009 Solar 12.1 As the name implies, wafer-based silicon cells are fabricated from slices of either single-crystal or multicrystalline silicon. They achieve the highest efficiencies of any commodity photovoltaic technology,
100 Sol En Wafer-based Solar Cells Aren't Done Yet Katherine Derbyshire US Wafer-based Solar Cells Aren't Done Yet Renewable Energy World January 2009 Solar 12.1 wafer-based solar cells have become the largest consumer of high-purity silicon. As a result, manufacturers of wafer-based silicon solar cells are caught between rising raw material costs on one side, and less expensive alternative on the other..
97 Sol En Offering More Than Ever: Technical Trends in Solar Thermal Amin Bennouna US Offering More Than Ever: Technical Trends in Solar Thermal Renewable Energy World December 2008 Solar 11.6 The database contains test results from five different international test institutions. Of these tests, 235 were performed by SPF of Switzerland, 157 by the USAs SRCC, 106 by ITW of Germany, 106 by CSTB of France..
95 Sol En Waking the giant: Solar heating technology David Appleyard US Waking the giant: Solar heating technology Renewable Energy World October 2008 Solar 11.5 Typically, solar absorbers are made from either copper or aluminium sheets or plates-materials with a good thermal conductivity with an efficient absorber coating, such as a matt black paint, or more sophisticated 'selective' absorber coatings.
94 Sol En Last Word: Solar Thermal-Time to Redress the Balance Petri Konttinen US Last Word: Solar Thermal – Time to Redress the Balance Renewable Energy World October 2008 Solar 11.5 annual solar energy yield of around 4 MWh per 10 m per year...with the best results achieved on a south-east or south-west facing roof. Expressing that in more tangible terms, at a peak energy price of 18.8 pence ($0.37) per kWh from utility suppliers..
93 Sol En Industry in upheaval: Plotting the future for PV Gerhard Stryi-Hipp US Industry in upheaval: Plotting the future for PV Renewable Energy World October 2008 Solar 11.5 challenges for the photovoltaic industry are actually expected to increase in the coming years. This is largely due to the fact that, within the next two years, there is a high probability that after five years of module scarcity the market will develop..
92 Sol En Energy storage: How solar can always meet demand Richard Baxter US Energy storage: How solar can always meet demand Renewable Energy World October 2008 Solar 11.5 Thermal energy storage provides a number of significant commercial benefits to the operation of a concentrating solar power (CSP) facility. Storage allows the plant to be optimized to address the peak load profile of a utility
12 Sol En Solar movement - solar heat creates power on both sides of the Atlantic Jackie Jones and A. Cameron UK Solar movement - solar heat creates power on both sides of the Atlantic Renewable Energy World Agosto 2007 Solar 10.4 Developments promise utility-scale concentrating solar power for the world's subnet regions
58 Sol En Which Way Out Solar Cells That Trap Light Michael A. Greenwood US Which Way Out Solar Cells That Trap Light Photonics Spectra Febrero 2008 Solar 42.02 The geometry of the V-shaped solar cell is designed to trap light by serving as an optical funnel. As a result, photons have multiple interactions with the solar cell
27 Sol En Keeping it clean. Reducing environmental impacts from solar PV Erik A. Alsema and other. NL Keeping it clean. Reducing environmental impacts from solar PV Renewable Energy World Diciembre 2007 Solar 10.6 The major part of the process energy use is in the production of poly-silicon (poly-Si) from metallurgical grade silicon and there are two obvious reduction options: a reduction of process energy in the actual poly-Si production process, and.
82 Sol En Through Thick and Thin Florian Holzapfel US Through Thick and Thin Renewable Energy World Agosto 2008 Solar 11.4 The ultimate goal is not technology dominance, it is cost reduction. Of primary importance is the efficiency of the cells or modules and increasing efficiency remains one of the most important tasks that the industry must accomplish..
77 Sol En Concentrating Solar Thermal Power Jackie Jones UK Concentrating Solar Thermal Power Renewable Energy World Agosto 2008 Solar 11.4 generates electricity directly from sunlight, concentrating solar thermal technologies use heat to generate electricity in much the same way as a conventional thermal power station. A series of mirrors or parabolic troughs focus the suns rays ..
76 Sol En Urban PV up-scale: Implementation of photovoltaics in urban developments Donna Munro UK Urban PV up-scale: Implementation of photovoltaics in urban developments Renewable Energy World Junio 2008 Solar 11.3 the installation of photovoltaic systems on buildings is gradually becoming part of the 'standard' building and development process. This shift will bring new challenges to the PV sector and the construction/development industries
75 Sol En Success in solar manufacturing: Challenges and opportunities Roger G. Little US Success in solar manufacturing: Challenges and opportunities Renewable Energy World Junio 2008 Solar 11.3 PV is a dynamic market. Now is it becoming large enough to be classified as a major industry. The PV world is dominated by crystalline silicon production including cast and ribbon silicon
70 Sol En Into thin air: Vacuum solutions for photovoltaics Katherine Hutchison and Peter Holland US Into thin air: Vacuum solutions for photovoltaics Renewable Energy World Junio 2008 Solar 11.3 Solar cell manufacturing typically involves a number of steps that are performed under vacuum to maintain cleanliness or to create appropriate processing conditions
69 Sol En China's booming PV market: Filled with smoke and fire Tom Morrow and Dylen Liu UK China's booming PV market: Filled with smoke and fire Renewable Energy World Junio 2008 Solar 11.3 In the last two years, Chinas ten IPOs have raised nearly US$2 billion to meet the world's growing demand for PV-related products and services...polysilicon supply chain...solar equipment industry
67 Sol En A solar-powered economy: How solar thermal can replace coal, gas and oil David R. Mills and Robert G. Morgan NO A solar-powered economy: How solar thermal can replace coal, gas and oil Renewable Energy World Junio 2008 Solar 11.2 with thermal storage much cheaper than electrical, mechanical or hydrogen storage, solar electricity will probably be predominantly in the form of solar thermal electricity (STE) with thermal storage..
66 Sol En Stringing it out: Innovative solar module assembly technology Wim Sinke NL Stringing it out: Innovative solar module assembly technology Renewable Energy World Marzo 2008 Solar 11.2 new manufacturing process has been developed that allows modules to be made using very thin solar cells..low silicon consumption per Wp or low cost silicon feedstock...use of very thin wafers...low kerf-loss cutting...use of silicon ribbon material as..
65 Sol En Passive house retrofit: Taking it easy Martin Ploss AT Passive house retrofit: Taking it easy Renewable Energy World Marzo 2008 Solar 11.2 Improving the overall efficiency of a nation's housing stock by insisting new buildings reach the impressive passive house standard can mean a 90% energy saving and a high level of thermal comfort.
64 Sol En Going to town: Part one - planning to increase the urban uptake Demet Suna & Christoph Schiener AT Going to town: Part one - planning to increase the urban uptake Renewable Energy World Marzo 2008 Solar 11.2 The PV Up-scale consortium has just reviewed 14 major urban photovoltaic projects in five countries across Europe to see what measures have really worked
61 Sol En Ahead of the curve? Fresnel technology in CSP Daniel Reinhardt DE Ahead of the curve? Fresnel technology in CSP Renewable Energy World Marzo 2008 Solar 11.2 Fresnel technology uses flat reflectors, simulating a curved mirror by varying the adjustable angle of the individual rows of mirrors in relation to the absorber pipe.
42 Sol En Popcorn-Style Solar Cells Guozhong Cao US Popcorn-Style Solar Cells Photonics Spectra Julio 2008
ulio 2007
Solar 42.07 dye-sensitized solar cell, which is similar to a traditional electrochemical cell, showed power conversion efficiency of more than 4 percent, with titanium dioxide (TiO2) used as the electrode.
59 Sol En Solar Cells Constructed with Silicon Nanowires Michael A. Greenwood US Solar Cells Constructed with Silicon Nanowires Photonics Spectra Febrero 2008 Solar 42.02 using silicon nanowires as the building blocks for solar cells. The rod-shaped wires offer several advantages..
43 Sol En Solar Up, Silicon Down Anne L. Fischer US Solar Up, Silicon Down Photonics Spectra Julio 2008
ulio 2007
Solar 42.07 In Germany, for example, the cost for electricity generated by fossil fuels is about 20 cents per kilowatt hour compared with photovoltaic electricity, which is 30 to 50 cents per kilowatt hour
57 Sol En Nanoparticle Plasmons Used to Enhance Solar Absorption Michael A. Greenwood US Nanoparticle Plasmons Used to Enhance Solar Absorption Photonics Spectra Marzo 2008 Solar 42.03 exploring whether surface plasmon resonances of gold nanoparticles can augment the conversion of photons into usable energy
56 Sol En Photocurrent Altered with Nanoparticles Michael A. Greenwood US Photocurrent Altered with Nanoparticles Photonics Spectra Marzo 2008 Solar 42.03 Sprinkling nanoparticles over the active face of photodetectors and solar cells could be a relatively easy and inexpensive way to enhance the performance of these devices
55 Sol En Sunlight, Dyes and Inexpensive Semiconductors Neil Robertson UK Sunlight, Dyes and Inexpensive Semiconductors Photonics Spectra Abril 2008 Solar 42.04 Dye-sensitized solar cells have emerged over the past 15 years as a technology that might provide low-cost, efficient and stable photovoltaics.
54 Sol En Lasers Support Emerging Solar Industry Needs Finlay Colville and other US Lasers Support Emerging Solar Industry Needs Photonics Spectra Abril 2008 Solar 42.04 Lasers can help the solar industry meet the technology needs required for it to continue to grow..
53 Sol En Improving Solar Efficiency with Organic Dyes Michael A. Greenwood US Improving Solar Efficiency with Organic Dyes Photonics Spectra Abril 2008 Solar 42.04 Researchers have chemically engineered a dye-sensitized flexible solar cell with indoline, resulting in improved performance and less bulk. The D205 dye achieved an even higher conversion efficiency of 7.92 percent when exposed
51 Sol En Solar Cells of Stainless Steel Michael A. Greenwood US Solar Cells of Stainless Steel Photonics Spectra Mayo 2008
ulio 2007
Solar 42.05 Researchers used stainless steel substrates in dye-sensitized solar cells to test their performance against solar cells with a traditional glass substrate
50 Sol En Improving Solar Efficiency Through Tandem Design Michael A. Greenwood US Improving Solar Efficiency Through Tandem Design Photonics Spectra Mayo 2008
ulio 2007
Solar 42.05 Investigators designed the tandem cell on top of indium-tin-oxide-coated glass substrates, coating this with a 50-nm layer of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) and poly(styrenesulfonate). ..
49 Sol En Photovoltaic Test Performance Keith Emery US Photovoltaic Test Performance Photonics Spectra Junio 2008
ulio 2007
Solar 42.06 Solar cells are measured for their peak watt rating (the maximum power output at 25 °C), 1000 Wm-2 and a reference spectrum. In photovoltaic calibration labs, there is a difference within ±2 and ±3 percent in the current at 0 volts
48 Sol En Photovoltaic Technologies Casey Gutowski US Photovoltaic Technologies Photonics Spectra Junio 2008
ulio 2007
Solar 42.06 efficiency of various photovoltaic materials, ranging from monocrystalline silicon to thin film. A new technique in the production of multicrystalline photovoltaic cells uses a laser to cut wafers out
47 Sol En Organic Photovoltaics Russell Gaudiana US Organic Photovoltaics Photonics Spectra Junio 2008
ulio 2007
Solar 42.06 organic photovoltaics, a technology comprising carbon-based polymers, is one of the most attractive... It can be used in high-speed, low-temperature roll-to-roll manufacturing..
46 Sol En Nanowires Used to Push Solar Efficiency Michael A. Greenwood US Nanowires Used to Push Solar Efficiency Photonics Spectra Junio 2008
ulio 2007
Solar 42.06 Solar cell design is critical to how efficiently incoming sunlight is transformed into usable electrical energy. Numerous polymers have been examined for use in solar cells in recent years ..
45 Sol En Hybrid Solar Lighting Curt Maxey and other US Hybrid Solar Lighting Photonics Spectra Junio 2008
ulio 2007
Solar 42.06 Hybrid solar lighting systems focus highly concentrated sunlight into a fiber optic bundle to provide sunlight in rooms without windows or conventional skylights
28 Sol En Making solar thermal fit in Wayne Appleyard and other US Making solar thermal fit in Renewable Energy World Octubre 2007 Solar 10.5 The challenge set by Mayor of the US city of Ann Arbor, Michigan. The initial stages of the program included an in depth look the barriers to the purchase and installation of solar domestic hot water (SDHW)
60 Sol En Organic Thin-Film Solar Cell Research at Stanford University Gary C. Bjorklund and other US Organic Thin-Film Solar Cell Research at Stanford University Photonics Spectra Diciembre 2007 Solar 41.12 In the roll-to-roll vacuum coating method for production of small-molecule solar cells, the roll on the top left continuously plays out a sheet of flexible substrate material.